the difference between an agency adoption
and an independent adoption?
agency adoption, the prospective parents
contact an adoption agency to start the process, and the
agency acts as an intermediary between the adoptive
parents and the birth parents, matching them up and
guiding them through all of the necessary steps. In an independent adoption, the birth
parents and adoptive parents locate each other and work
without the benefit of an agency, although
typically a lawyer is hired to make sure that all legal
requirements are met.
type of adoption process has its advantages and
disadvantages. Using an agency can be beneficial, as they are familiar with all of the requirements, which
can be overwhelming to prospective parents and birth
parents alike. In international adoptions, especially,
it can be advantageous to have someone who knows the
ropes intercede on the prospective parents' behalf.
Agencies can also provide counseling and other support
services to the birth and adoptive families, both before
and after the adoption. Some agencies have selection
criteria that may screen out certain prospective
parents, and waiting times can be very long.
adoptions may allow prospective adoptive and birth
parents more control over the adoption process. All
parties may have a greater opportunity to get to know
and "select" each other. Adoptive parents may
be able to circumvent an agency's selection criteria and
shorten the waiting time by going the independent route.
On the other hand, birth parents may not receive
counseling in an independent adoption, which could lead
to greater uncertainty and even the possibility of a
change of heart. Additionally, independent adoptions are
not legal in all states, so it is essential to check
applicable state laws before choosing this option.